ARTICLE ID : 051216/02
Scientists claim crop yields could be significantly boosted by tweaking the way plants themselves make their own food. By manipulating the process of photosynthesis, scientists have been able to increase crop output by ensuring the vegetation uses the sun’s energy more efficiently.
Fortunately, researchers have come up with a solution that can boost crop yields. They have achieved the feat by carefully enhancing levels of three proteins that are primarily responsible for photosynthesis, the process in which vegetation absorbs sunlight through the exposed areas like the leaves, and convert it into energy. Essentially, the researchers have managed to make the process of photosynthesis more efficient to increase plant yield.
The researches relied on several years’ worth of computational analysis, laboratory testing and field experiments to single out the proteins that were then manipulated in the study. Interestingly, scientists claim to have successfully hacked the photosynthesis process in which green plants use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water to glucose and oxygen, reported the Daily Mail.
The process is quite primitive, and hasn’t undergone significant evolution to keep up with the exponential rise in demand. Hence, by zeroing in on the deficiencies in the process, researchers found new ways to ensure the plants soak up more of the incident sunlight. This allowed the plants to convert sunlight in lesser amount of time, allowing them to grow faster. Crops grown using the manipulated proteins eventually offered substantially higher crop yields in the same amount of time the crops take when grown using traditional methods, without any modification. In other words farmers could now grow more number of crops in a calendar year, and produce substantially more amount of food. (Article adapted from http://www.inquisitr.com/3728129/photosynthesis-boost-food-crops-yield-global-food-shortage-global-warming-climate-change/ )
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